The End Child Poverty coalition has today published figures providing a new Child Poverty map of the UK. The new figures reveal that there are now constituencies within the UK where more than half of children are growing up in poverty – compared to one in ten, in the areas with the lowest child poverty rates.
The figures also show that some of the most deprived areas of the UK have seen the biggest increases in child poverty since the coalition’s last local child poverty figures, for December 2015. Increases of 10 percentage points in some areas demonstrate the growing crisis of child poverty in the UK.
As price rises risk pushing ever larger numbers of children below the poverty line, the coalition is calling on the Chancellor to end the freeze on children’s benefits – currently in place until the end of the decade – so that families no longer see living standards squeezed as prices rise.
The local child poverty estimates are broken down by parliamentary constituency, local authority and ward. Child poverty is the highest in large cities, particularly in London, Birmingham and Manchester. Among the twenty parliamentary constituencies with the highest levels of childhood poverty, seven are located in London, three in Birmingham, and three in Manchester.
Since the introduction of the benefit freeze, the coalition of charities, faith groups and unions has warned that as prices rise, low income families would find it increasingly hard to pay for the same basic essentials.
‘It is scandalous that a child born in some parts of the UK now has a greater chance of growing up in poverty, than being in a family above the breadline. There can be little doubt that the Government’s policy of maintaining the benefits freeze despite rising prices is a major contributor to the emerging child poverty crisis.’
said Sam Royston, Chair of End Child Poverty and Director of Policy and Research at the Children’s Society.
The coalition is also concerned that the impact of poverty may be exacerbated by a poverty premium – which means that low income families can face paying as much as £1700 per year more than better off families, to buy the same essential goods and services. A major contributor to this is the high cost of credit for low income families, and the coalition wants to see the Government address this by providing better access to interest free credit.
Sam Royston said:
‘No family in modern Britain should be struggling to put food on the table, heat their homes and clothe their children. End Child Poverty is calling on the Chancellor to end the freeze on children’s benefits, and to invest in interest free credit for low income families, to ensure that poverty doesn’t result in spiralling debt.’
Table 1 Top 25 parliamentary constituencies with highest levels of child poverty across the UK
|Constituency||% of children in poverty 2017
(after housing costs)
|1. Bethnal Green and Bow||54.18%|
|2. Birmingham, Ladywood||53.06%|
|3. Poplar and Limehouse||52.75%|
|4. Birmingham, Hodge Hill||51.46%|
|5. Manchester, Gorton||47.97%|
|6. Birmingham, Hall Green||47.82%|
|7. Manchester Central||47.52%|
|8. Bradford West||47.26%|
|9. Bradford East||46.73%|
|10. Oldham West and Royton||45.58%|
|12. Glasgow Central||45.06%|
|13. Blackley and Broughton||44.66%|
|14. Leicester South||44.58%|
|15. Westminster North||44.41%|
|16. Newcastle upon Tyne Central||44.30%|
|17. East Ham||43.99%|
|18. Holborn and St Pancras||43.89%|
|19. Leeds Central||43.57%|
|20. Hackney South and Shoreditch||43.29%|
|21. Birmingham, Perry Barr||43.18%|
|24. Walsall South||42.56%|
|25. West Ham||42.37%|
Table 2 Top 25 local authorities with highest levels of child poverty across the UK
|Local authority||% of children in poverty 2017
(after housing costs)
|1. Tower Hamlets||53.40%|
|12. Blackburn with Darwen||39.55%|
|16. Barking and Dagenham||37.80%|
|24. Newcastle upon Tyne||36.03%|
|25. Waltham Forest||35.90%|
The parliamentary constituencies with the lowest levels of child poverty are West Aberdeenshire and Kincardine, Gordon, North East Hampshire and Sheffield Hallam, with figures between 9 and 11 per cent. The constituency of Theresa May (Maidenhead) is among the 25 with the lowest child poverty.
14 of the 20 constituencies with the fastest growing child poverty also have poverty rates in the top 20
|Rank by change||Constituency||% child poverty Sept 2017||Up from (dec 2015)||% point increase||Rank in child poverty rate Sept 2017|
|1||Bethnal Green and Bow||54%||43%||11%||1|
|2||Oldham West and Royton||46%||35%||10%||10|
|4||Poplar and Limehouse||53%||44%||9%||3|
|8||Birmingham, Hodge Hill||51%||44%||4|
|9||Birmingham, Perry Barr||43%||35%||8%||21|
|11||Birmingham, Hall Green||48%||40%||7%||6|
|15||Newcastle upon Tyne Central||44%||38%||6%||16|
|16||Holborn and St Pancras||44%||38%||6%||18|